Unethical breeders reproduce without considering the genetic traits they allow to transfer from generation to generation. Brachycephalic breeds, those with wide and short skulls, such as pugs, French bulldogs, and Scottish cats, are bred to have flat faces for cosmetic purposes. My biggest problem with breeders are those who are in it only for profit and not for the long-term health and happiness of pugs. Not all pugs should be raised and perpetuated.
So, many small operations are out. Just because a person loves his two dogs does not mean that the puppies should come from them, also the kennels are out. Just because they keep their dogs clean doesn't mean they're still a puppy mill in my eyes. Pugs weren't meant to live in barns and sheds far from humans, no matter how luxurious or air-conditioned they are.
Some breeders are open about the situation of their kennel on their websites, others are not. I personally would never buy a pug puppy in a kennel. This tells me they're on it to get the maximum benefit. It also means a puppy who is not used to living in a house and all the sounds and smells that entails, it also studies what kind of health problems are seen in pugs.
I have done this and I have a good handle on what are the warning signs. And an easy example is the eyes that come out of the face instead of just being prominent features. Another would be a nasal fold that hangs over the nose. Look for them in the PARENTS.
Don't adopt a puppy that has strange-looking parents. Ask to see them on site when you pick up the puppy. If the father is not on the premises, then ask for many photos, only one photo would be silly and could cover possible problems, so it is possible to get a pug puppy, but you have to be patient and demanding. You want to look for people who know what they are doing and doing it for the beneficial perpetuation of race.
You have to find that weak point of breeding with enough skill and care to be experienced, but not with overbreeding, I don't know if this makes 100% sense, but this has been what I have done and now I have a perfect pug and I have moved away from two potential breeders now in my search for a second (I also started doing pug rescue transports and considering foster care to also get my pug solution). While brachycephalic dogs may seem to lead the lives of happy cartoon characters, their real everyday life can be full of discomfort and often worse. From diseases to genetic diseases, brachycephalic dogs not only have problems, but also get worse. This is because as time goes on, these breeds are becoming more endogamous than they were 100 years ago, which, for some dog lovers and veterinarians, raises ethical questions about how to continue to breed them.
In fact, humans may be the best friends of dogs, but in our quest to raise more best friends, we may have inadvertently hurt those we claim to love. Pugs, Shih Tzus and Pekingese dogs are very old, for example, but the extreme nature of their current flat faces is more recent. On Saturday morning, dozens of pug owners gathered at Hawthorne Canal Reserve in Sydney's suburb of Leichhardt for the weekly Inner West Pug Grumble. As such, they suffer more than their fair share of health problems, not only with breathing, but also with eye diseases, joint diseases and a devastating (deadly) neurological disease called pug dog encephalitis.
I would say that if you've never had a puppy from a breeder, and you intend to keep the dog as long as he lives, no matter what that means you have to do, then get the pug from a reputable breeder this time, then adopt after that. Pugs and bulldogs have become increasingly popular all over the world because they cope well in apartments. This Valentine's Day, the British Veterinary Association has urged the card industry to stop using pug snaps. The family was told that epilepsy was common in pugs due to lack of oxygen in the brain, caused by problems associated with breeding short skulls.
Pugs are brachycephalic (flat-faced) dogs, which means they are prone to health problems that other breeds are not. While the RSPCA encourages all pug and bulldog owners to consider the operation, Dr. Norris said it would only slightly improve their lives. Inner West Pug grumblers Alex and Emma have an Instagram account with their dogs, Biscuit and Pikelet, which has attracted 114,000 followers.
Mine were kind of rescues; I had a neighbor who had pugs and fell into a bad situation, and I offered to take care of them temporarily, and temporarily I became permanent. And yes, I think pressing to crush their faces has led to problems, and even though they live so long (they haven't ALWAYS had such pressure on their faces), a fair amount of breeds are suffering because of their breed description pugs, bulldogs, german shepherds. But it is these same characteristics deliberately raised in pugs to meet an ideal that causes a catalog of problems, including difficulty breathing and walking, that can cause them to suffer a life of misery. And there you have it, brachycephalic dogs (which include pugs, bulldogs, French bulldogs, and shih tzus) are an anatomical disaster.