Unfortunately, breeders deliberately breed these good-natured dogs to be deformed. As such, they suffer more than their fair share of health problems, not only with breathing, but also with eye diseases, joint diseases and a devastating (deadly) neurological disease called pug dog encephalitis. And there you have it, brachycephalic dogs (which include pugs, bulldogs, French bulldogs, and shih tzus) are an anatomical disaster. All structures that should form the nose have been crushed.
The only time these dogs do not have any degree of respiratory distress is when they are intubated under anesthesia. Dogs are also susceptible to heat stress, exercise intolerance, eye problems, dental disease, skin infections and spinal deformities.
pugsare susceptible to bacterial and viral infections, the same ones that all dogs can get, such as parvo, rabies and distemper. Many of these infections can be prevented by vaccination, which we will recommend based on your age, the diseases we see in our area and other factors.
While pugs are very sweet dogs and can make excellent pets, they are also a very brachycephalous (flat faced) breed. Pugs belong to a group of breeds classified as “Category Three” by The Kennel Club. This is the highest category of health problems due to their physical makeup (the way they look). Breeding these types of dogs for many years to look a certain way means that they are very likely to suffer from serious health and well-being problems.
For pugs, this includes severe breathing difficulties, eye problems, and skin problems. Often, these conditions are aggravated by obesity. Pugs are not raised as working dogs, nor do they have a strong prey drive, so they can be less active than other dogs. They also have a big appetite and some are unable to exercise due to breathing difficulties.
These two factors can lead to obesity, which will worsen lameness and spine disease. Australian veterinarians and the RSPCA have called for all short-nosed dogs, including pugs, Boston Terriers and bulldogs, to receive corrective surgery because reckless breeding has left them with difficulty breathing. The comic face of the Pug, with deep wrinkles around big dark eyes and a flat and round face, can't help but make you smile. It is believed that the name of the Pug comes from the Latin word for fist because its face resembles a human fist.
A Pug named Pompey is even credited with alerting William I, Prince of Orange, to an assassination attempt by Spain. While Pugs can be good watchdogs, they're not inclined to scream, something your neighbors will appreciate. The PDSA, a charity that treats animals belonging to low-income owners, strongly recommends buying a different breed or only considering pug crosses. Finally, consider a pug cross to enjoy the wonderful temperament but reduce the problems caused by its conformation.
Liz Davidson has been breeding French bulldogs since 1986, but said that unscrupulous puppy breeders have moved to the industry to capitalize on the growing demand for pugs and bulldogs. If your Pug is well socialized, there's no reason why they won't get along with other dogs while you're away from home. Pugs and bulldogs have become increasingly popular all over the world because they cope well in apartments. Though playful and bustling, the Pug is a low-maintenance companion, making it ideal for older homeowners.
You need to make sure that everyone in the family follows the same training so that your Pug doesn't get confused or adopt behaviors you don't really want. The Kennel Club has introduced a health plan created by the Pug Breed Council to assess the health of pugs prior to mating. Pugs are prone to eye problems, the most common are eye ulcers, and because of their short muzzle, they are more at risk of scratching their eyes. Reportedly, the first Pugs brought to Europe arrived with Dutch traders, who called the Mopshond breed, a name that is still used today.